Referencing: Books

Book (1 author)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, INITIALS. (ed.) or (eds.)-in brackets for editor(s). (Year of publication – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
NEVILLE, C. (2007) The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

In-text citation examples:
(Neville, 2007)

Neville (2007) commented that…

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname, Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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Book (2 authors)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. & Author – SURNAME, Initials. (ed.) or (eds.) – in brackets for editor(s). (Year of publication – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
MIDDLETON, V. T. C. & HAWKINS, R. (1998) Sustainable Tourism: A Marketing Perspective. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

In-text citation examples:
(Middleton & Hawkins, 1998)

As stated by Middleton & Hawkins (1998)

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (First Author’s Surname & Second Author’s Surname. Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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Book (3 authors)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. Author – SURNAME, Initials & Author – SURNAME, Initials. (Year of publication – in brackets)  Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
BRADBURY, I., BOYLE, J. & MORSE, A., (2002) Scientific Principles for Physical Geographers. Harlow: Prentice Hall.

In-text citation example:
(Bradbury, Boyle & Morse, 2002)

As noted by Bradbury, Boyle & Morse (2002)

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (First Author’s Surname, Second Author’s Surname & Third Author’s Surname. Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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Book (4 or more authors)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. et al. (Year of publication – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
CAMPBELL, N. A. et al. (2008) Biology. 8th Ed. London: Pearson.

In-text citation examples:
(Campbell et al, 2008)

As concluded by Campbell et al (2008)…

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname et al. Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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Book: Chapter in a Book

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. (Year of publication – in brackets) Title of chapter/contribution. In: Author or Editor of Publication – Surname, Initials with (ed.) or (eds.) – in brackets, if relevant. Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
MARSHALL, W. A. (1975) The Child as a Mirror of his Brain’s Development. In: Sants, J & Butcher, H. J. (eds). Development Psychology. Aylesbury, Bucks: Hazell Watson & Viney Ltd.

In-text citation example:
If you refer to an author who has contributed/produced a chapter in an edited book you will need to cite their name in the body of your work.

The Bibliography must contain details of both the author providing the contribution and the author/editor(s) of the book (see above example for format).

(Marshall, 1975)

As noted by Marshall (1975)…

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname, Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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Book (Editor/s)

If the book has an editor then (ed.) or (eds.) – both in brackets, is added after the author’s name.

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. (ed.) or (eds.) – in brackets for editor(s) (Year of publication – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography examples:
FONTONA-GIUSTS, G. (ed.) (2008) Designing Cities for People: Social, Environmental and Psychological Sustainability. London: Earthscan.

BRENNER, N. & KEIL, R. (eds.) (2006) The Global Cities Reader. London: Routledge.

In-text citation examples:
(ed. Fontana-Giusti, 2008)

(eds. Brenner & Keil, 2006)

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Books (part of a series)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. (ed.) or (eds.) – in brackets for editor(s) (Year of publication – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Bibliography example:
MCILROY, D. (2003) Studying @ University: How to be a Successful Student. Sage Essential Study Skills. London: Sage.

In-text citation example:
(McIlroy, 2003)

The evidence supports McIlroy’s (2003) theory that…

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname, Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number)

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Book (multiple works by an author in the same year)

If you refer to an author who has produced more than one work in the same year you will need to add a lower case alphabetical letter after the year of publication i.e. 2007a, 2007b.  (This also applies to Journals)

The book that you cite first should be the one that is referred to as ‘a’ and the second should be ‘b’ and so on. Do not worry about the order in which the author published the works.

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. (ed.) or (eds.) – in brackets for editor(s) (Year of publication and alphabetical letter – in brackets) Book Title – in italics. Series title and volume – if available. Edition – if not the first. Place of publication: Publisher.

 

Bibliography examples:
CARLSON, N. R. (2007a) Foundations of Physiology and Psychology. 7th Ed. Boston, Mass: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.

CARLSON, N. R. (2007b) Physiology of Behaviour. London: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.

In-text citation example:
(Carlson, 2007a)

(Carlson, 2007b)

Carlson (2007a) commented that…

Carlson (2007b) indicated that…

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname, Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number)

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Book (Electronic)

Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initial(s). (Year of publication – in brackets) Title – in italics. [Online – in square brackets] City of publication: Publisher. Available from – URL. [Accessed: followed by date in square brackets]

Bibliography example:
SADLER, P. (2003) Strategic management. [Online] Sterling. VA Kogan Page. Available from: http://www.netlibrary.com/Reader/. [Accessed: 6th May 2008]

In-text citation example:
(Sadler, 2003)

As identified by Sadler (2003)

‘Direct quotations are placed in single quotations marks’ (Author’s Surname, Year of Publication, p. – followed by page number – in brackets)

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